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/*
 * ldns-testpkts. Data file parse for test packets, and query matching.
 *
 * Data storage for specially crafted replies for testing purposes.
 *
 * (c) NLnet Labs, 2005, 2006, 2007
 * See the file LICENSE for the license
 */

#ifndef LDNS_TESTPKTS_H
#define LDNS_TESTPKTS_H

/**
 * \file
 * 
 * This is a debugging aid. It is not efficient, especially
 * with a long config file, but it can give any reply to any query.
 * This can help the developer pre-script replies for queries.
 *
 * You can specify a packet RR by RR with header flags to return.
 *
 * Missing features:
 *		- matching content different from reply content.
 *		- find way to adjust mangled packets?
 *
 */

 /*
	The data file format is as follows:
	
	; comment.
	; a number of entries, these are processed first to last.
	; a line based format.

	$ORIGIN origin
	$TTL default_ttl

	ENTRY_BEGIN
	; first give MATCH lines, that say what queries are matched
	; by this entry.
	; 'opcode' makes the query match the opcode from the reply
	; if you leave it out, any opcode matches this entry.
	; 'qtype' makes the query match the qtype from the reply
	; 'qname' makes the query match the qname from the reply
	; 'subdomain' makes the query match subdomains of qname from the reply
	; 'serial=1023' makes the query match if ixfr serial is 1023. 
	; 'all' has to match header byte for byte and all rrs in packet.
	; 'ttl' used with all, rrs in packet must also have matching TTLs.
	; 'DO' will match only queries with DO bit set.
	; 'noedns' matches queries without EDNS OPT records.
	; 'ednsdata' matches queries to HEX_EDNS section.
	MATCH [opcode] [qtype] [qname] [serial=<value>] [all] [ttl]
	MATCH [UDP|TCP] DO
	MATCH ...
	; Then the REPLY header is specified.
	REPLY opcode, rcode or flags.
		(opcode)  QUERY IQUERY STATUS NOTIFY UPDATE
		(rcode)   NOERROR FORMERR SERVFAIL NXDOMAIN NOTIMPL YXDOMAIN
		 		YXRRSET NXRRSET NOTAUTH NOTZONE
		(flags)   QR AA TC RD CD RA AD DO
	REPLY ...
	; any additional actions to do.
	; 'copy_id' copies the ID from the query to the answer.
	ADJUST copy_id
	; 'copy_query' copies the query name, type and class to the answer.
	ADJUST copy_query
	; 'sleep=10' sleeps for 10 seconds before giving the answer (TCP is open)
	ADJUST [sleep=<num>]    ; sleep before giving any reply
	ADJUST [packet_sleep=<num>]  ; sleep before this packet in sequence
	SECTION QUESTION
	<RRs, one per line>    ; the RRcount is determined automatically.
	SECTION ANSWER
	<RRs, one per line>
	SECTION AUTHORITY
	<RRs, one per line>
	SECTION ADDITIONAL
	<RRs, one per line>
	EXTRA_PACKET		; follow with SECTION, REPLY for more packets.
	HEX_ANSWER_BEGIN	; follow with hex data
				; this replaces any answer packet constructed
				; with the SECTION keywords (only SECTION QUERY
				; is used to match queries). If the data cannot
				; be parsed, ADJUST rules for the answer packet
				; are ignored. Only copy_id is done.
	HEX_ANSWER_END
	HEX_EDNS_BEGIN	; follow with hex data.
					; Raw EDNS data to match against. It must be an 
					; exact match (all options are matched) and will be 
					; evaluated only when 'MATCH ednsdata' given.
	HEX_EDNS_END
	ENTRY_END


 	Example data file:
$ORIGIN nlnetlabs.nl
$TTL 3600

ENTRY_BEGIN
MATCH qname
REPLY NOERROR
ADJUST copy_id
SECTION QUESTION
www.nlnetlabs.nl.	IN	A
SECTION ANSWER
www.nlnetlabs.nl.	IN	A	195.169.215.155
SECTION AUTHORITY
nlnetlabs.nl.		IN	NS	www.nlnetlabs.nl.
ENTRY_END

ENTRY_BEGIN
MATCH qname
REPLY NOERROR
ADJUST copy_id
SECTION QUESTION
www2.nlnetlabs.nl.	IN	A
HEX_ANSWER_BEGIN
; 0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
;-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
 00 bf 81 80 00 01 00 01 00 02 00 02 03 77 77 77 0b 6b 61 6e	;	   1-  20
 61 72 69 65 70 69 65 74 03 63 6f 6d 00 00 01 00 01 03 77 77	;	  21-  40
 77 0b 6b 61 6e 61 72 69 65 70 69 65 74 03 63 6f 6d 00 00 01	;	  41-  60
 00 01 00 01 50 8b 00 04 52 5e ed 32 0b 6b 61 6e 61 72 69 65	;	  61-  80
 70 69 65 74 03 63 6f 6d 00 00 02 00 01 00 01 50 8b 00 11 03	;	  81- 100
 6e 73 31 08 68 65 78 6f 6e 2d 69 73 02 6e 6c 00 0b 6b 61 6e	;	 101- 120
 61 72 69 65 70 69 65 74 03 63 6f 6d 00 00 02 00 01 00 01 50	;	 121- 140
 8b 00 11 03 6e 73 32 08 68 65 78 6f 6e 2d 69 73 02 6e 6c 00	;	 141- 160
 03 6e 73 31 08 68 65 78 6f 6e 2d 69 73 02 6e 6c 00 00 01 00	;	 161- 180
 01 00 00 46 53 00 04 52 5e ed 02 03 6e 73 32 08 68 65 78 6f	;	 181- 200
 6e 2d 69 73 02 6e 6c 00 00 01 00 01 00 00 46 53 00 04 d4 cc	;	 201- 220
 db 5b
HEX_ANSWER_END
ENTRY_END



   note that this file will link with your
   void verbose(int level, char* format, ...); output function.
*/

#include <ldns/ldns.h>

/** Type of transport, since some entries match based on UDP or TCP of query */
enum transport_type {transport_any = 0, transport_udp, transport_tcp };

/** struct to keep a linked list of reply packets for a query */
struct reply_packet {
	/** next in list of reply packets, for TCP multiple pkts on wire */
	struct reply_packet* next;
	/** the reply pkt */
	ldns_pkt* reply;
	/** Additional EDNS data for matching queries. */
	ldns_buffer* raw_ednsdata;
	/** or reply pkt in hex if not parsable */
	ldns_buffer* reply_from_hex;
	/** seconds to sleep before giving packet */
	unsigned int packet_sleep; 
};

/** data structure to keep the canned queries in.
   format is the 'matching query' and the 'canned answer' */
struct entry {
	/* match */
	/* How to match an incoming query with this canned reply */
	/** match query opcode with answer opcode */
	bool match_opcode; 
	/** match qtype with answer qtype */
	bool match_qtype;  
	/** match qname with answer qname */
	bool match_qname;  
	/** match qname as subdomain of answer qname */
	bool match_subdomain;  
	/** match SOA serial number, from auth section */
	bool match_serial; 
	/** match all of the packet */
	bool match_all;
	/** match ttls in the packet */
	bool match_ttl;
	/** match DO bit */
	bool match_do;
	/** match absence of EDNS OPT record in query */
	bool match_noedns;
	/** match edns data field given in hex */
	bool match_ednsdata_raw;
	/** match query serial with this value. */
	uint32_t ixfr_soa_serial; 
	/** match on UDP/TCP */
	enum transport_type match_transport; 

	/** pre canned reply */
	struct reply_packet *reply_list;

	/** how to adjust the reply packet */
	/** copy over the ID from the query into the answer */
	bool copy_id; 
	/** copy the query nametypeclass from query into the answer */
	bool copy_query;
	/** in seconds */
	unsigned int sleeptime; 

	/** some number that names this entry, line number in file or so */
	int lineno;

	/** next in list */
	struct entry* next;
};

/**
 * reads the canned reply file and returns a list of structs 
 * does an exit on error.
 * @param name: name of the file to read.
 * @param skip_whitespace: skip leftside whitespace.
 */
struct entry* read_datafile(const char* name, int skip_whitespace);

/**
 * Delete linked list of entries.
 */
void delete_entry(struct entry* list);

/**
 * Read one entry from the data file.
 * @param in: file to read from. Filepos must be at the start of a new line.
 * @param name: name of the file for prettier errors.
 * @param lineno: line number in file, incremented as lines are read.
 *	for prettier errors.
 * @param default_ttl: on first call set to default TTL for entries,
 *	later it stores the $TTL value last seen. Try 3600 first call.
 * @param origin: domain name for origin appending. Can be &NULL on first call.
 *	later it stores the $ORIGIN value last seen. Often &NULL or the zone
 *	name on first call.
 * @param prev_rr: previous rr name for correcter parsing. &NULL on first call.
 * @param skip_whitespace: skip leftside whitespace.
 * @return: The entry read (malloced) or NULL if no entry could be read.
 */
struct entry* read_entry(FILE* in, const char* name, int *lineno, 
	uint32_t* default_ttl, ldns_rdf** origin, ldns_rdf** prev_rr,
	int skip_whitespace);

/**
 * finds entry in list, or returns NULL.
 */
struct entry* find_match(struct entry* entries, ldns_pkt* query_pkt,
	enum transport_type transport);

/**
 * copy & adjust packet 
 */
void adjust_packet(struct entry* match, ldns_pkt* answer_pkt, 
	ldns_pkt* query_pkt);

/**
 * Parses data buffer to a query, finds the correct answer 
 * and calls the given function for every packet to send.
 * if verbose_out filename is given, packets are dumped there.
 * @param inbuf: the packet that came in
 * @param inlen: length of packet.
 * @param entries: entries read in from datafile.
 * @param count: is increased to count number of queries answered.
 * @param transport: set to UDP or TCP to match some types of entries.
 * @param sendfunc: called to send answer (buffer, size, userarg).
 * @param userdata: userarg to give to sendfunc.
 * @param verbose_out: if not NULL, verbose messages are printed there.
 */
void handle_query(uint8_t* inbuf, ssize_t inlen, struct entry* entries, 
	int* count, enum transport_type transport, 
	void (*sendfunc)(uint8_t*, size_t, void*), void* userdata,
	FILE* verbose_out);

#endif /* LDNS_TESTPKTS_H */